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Persian Gazebos – a brief history

For thousands of years, people have viewed the peace and beauty of a garden and surrounding countryside from a gazebo.We know that gardens have been a central factor for wealthy members of society for thousands of years.  In modern day Iran, The Persians designed gardens filled with lush plants of striking colours at odds with the hot dry environs of the landscape, the most famous being the Hanging Gardens of Babylon renowned as one of The Seven Wonders of the World.  They were able to achieve these marvels because of qanats, an underground engineering system of aqueducts that brought melted snow from the mountains down onto the plains.  Water was a major feature of a Persian garden with pools and fountains inserted into the geometrical design.  A wealthy Persian would escape from the heat and make his way to a gazebo situated in his own bit of paradise.Gardens were built to be viewed aesthetically and to raise the spirits, but Persians did not only relax under their gazebos; gardens were also areas where politics and business took place, treaties were signed, diplomats greeted and were central to Persian life.Persian gazebos were influenced by Islamic architecture and were called kiosks that could range from a tent with mats scattered inside to buildings made from marble with cupolas.  Some gazebos were constructed with running water underneath the floors to maintain a cooler temperature.  Occasionally, gazebos were used as tombs.

Gazebos – great for giving shelter and shade to your garden

A gazebo is a structure that is built in parks, public spaces and private gardens, but away from the main residence.  They can be freestanding, or attached to a wall, roofed and open at all sides.  They may be used as a rain shelter, to provide shade, to provide a place for solitude and reflection or just as a decorative features in a landscape.  They key element of a gazebo is that they are situated strategically to offer beautiful views of the surrounding area.Structures that are included in the umbrella-term gazebo are alambras, belvederes, follies, kiosks, pagodas, pavillions, pergolas and rotundas.  Archaeological evidence shows that gazebos have been in use for thousands of years in the ancient societies of Persia, Egypt and China.  They were used as a means of shade, for spiritual meditation, for worship and for concluding business deals.The origin of the word is unknown and it has no cognate in any European language.   Several theories have been put forward that it may have its origins in Islam, Latin Hispano-Arabic or French.  It first entered the English language in the middle of the 18th century when an architectural writer, William Halfpenny, published a book on Chinese architecture.Gazebos were common in Western Europe during the Middle Ages but did not gain in popularity in the United States until the middle of the 18th century when a new wealthier middle class began to emerge.

Wooden gazebos – ideal for any garden

Purchasing a garden gazebo is a sound investment if you want to have a spot in your garden where you can go to relax.A gazebo sited in a spot, out of sight of the house and with a beautiful aspect is the perfect place to escape the stresses of modern living.  Hidden from prying eyes, you can sit in the fresh air and admire your garden and watch as plants flower in different seasons bringing an array of colours and perfumes to you.  Or maybe you can curl up with a favourite book and read for hours undisturbed far away from the impatient ring of the telephone.A gazebo is indeed a retreat from modern life.Gazebos come in an enormous range of designs.  Once you have decided on your personal style be sure to pick the best spot in your garden to site it.  Make sure that you have the best views of your garden or surrounding landscape and that it also is provided with some shade.  Although gazebos do have solid roofs, the open walls will allow direct sunlight through that may cause irritation if it is strong and blinding in your eyes.A gazebo can be focus of the garden design, a central structure that flowers, trees, a walkway, a bench or a pond can be added to create a little bit of paradise in your garden.

Inscreed Cables for Underfloor Heating

In Europe, especially in the northern part, underfloor heating is increasingly becoming popular. As the demand of people increases for electric underfloor heating, universal cables and inscreed cables were also widely used as the most advantageous heating solutions for all types of structures. There are specific inscreed cable products offered in the market that are considered to be versatile heating cables and suitable for new screed floors of conservatories and standard rooms.New screed floors, which are 50 mm depth or more, can be provided with under-floor heating. This is possible by using the Conservatory InScreed Cable Kit and InScreed Cable for Standard Rooms, which both have a 10-year guarantee.The Conservatory InScreed Cable Kit, which was created because of the increasing demands for underfloor heating systems, has a heat output of 150 to 200 watts per square metre. It provides an effective and practical way to heat conservatories, especially during cold days. In addition, the product’s installation is easily accomplished by connecting the cable to the supply at one end only, which means less time in installation.Furthermore, standard rooms, which include dining rooms, utilities, kitchen and other internal rooms, can also be incorporated with underfloor heating through the InScreed Cable for Standard Rooms. This product is designed to heat a room and has a heat output of 130 to 160 watts (approximately). Like the Conservatory InScreed Cable Kit, this product also consumes less installation time.The inscreed cable kits are of high quality and are guaranteed to last long and provide heating in new floor constructions. With this cable, consumers can enjoy the conservatories and other rooms in their houses during cold days.

How to do home improvement

Home improvement can improve the way your house appears. The decoration of a house, both exterior and interior, is important to make your house look spick and span. The front door of the house should be painted nicely to give that all important tidy appearance. Window dressing is another important area to consider when making the house look more attractive. Simple things like creating your own curtains by buying fabric and stitching them is cost both cost effective and worthwhile.Kitchen remodeling should be on the top of your home remodeling list as it immediately increases the value of your house. If you prefer not to think about purchasing new kitchen cabinets then at least try to substitute the doors of the cabinets with something more modern. If you cannot afford to do so, then simply paint the cabinet doors. Adding molding to the cabinet doors can make them look novel. Replacements should also be made for stove, dishwasher and fridge too.Before remodeling, it is really necessary to clean up the house. Chemical solutions like tri-sodium phosphate are effective in cleaning internal and external surfaces. Special cleaners are available in the market for surfaces like porcelain, glass, wood, tile and stainless steel. Keep the windows open when you are cleaning so that the dust does not settle into the house. One of the common problems that most of us face is how to remove the clutter. To tackle this you can make use of petite containers to reduce junk mail in the backyard also, there can be a heavy accumulation of clutter in terms of dead branches, trees and out of order slabs. Discarding this clutter into rubbish bags is the best way to get rid of it. Revamp the appearance of the yard by mowing it, removing the weeds and planting some new varieties of flowers. You can also give the clutter to charity or for recycling. Shelving is one of the major solutions to organise clutter and shelves are installed in houses at affordable prices.

Building contracts – making things run smoothly

All your life, you’ve probably heard your parents (and then your lawyers) say, “Make sure to get it in writing”. Yes, there are dishonest people in the world, but most people, including the workers that you’re going to be hiring for your building renovations, are just good people. Even with good will and pleasant manners, people do forget details, especially if they have other jobs on their minds; misunderstandings of no one’s fault do occur. Before you sign a contract or ask for a written estimate, get clear in your mind how extensive you need your renovations to be. Hopefully, you’ve already had an electrician, plumber, etc. examine the building before you bought it, so you know the changes that you will want the property to undergo.You can get a standard contract from the Joint Contract Tribune (JTC) (available online) that you and the builder you’ve hired can use. It’s an understandable legal contract without legal jargon and small print, and it spells out exactly what both sides expect from their working relationship. One of the most important things in the contract is the price to be paid. The builder will also be interested in the schedule of payments, which often is linked to stages of work (after the first specified stage, the builder gets a certain percentage, upon completion of the second stage, he gets the next payment, etc.). Another crucial detail of the contract is the schedule of work; when will it be finished? The greatest aggravation occurs when the work drags on and on without an end in sight, but a clearly worded contract can help you avoid this.

How to Choose a Landscape Architect

Making drastic changes to a property will often use up a lot of time and money if the right professionals are not drafted in. Choosing the right landscape architects is important because they can offer the best possible advice on what would suit your property. Here are a few things to follow to help you choose the right one.Make sure you do your research and find an architect that has carried out similar work to what you are looking for. Architecture is a diverse profession so you will need to find someone who specialises in property development.Study what architects have to offer. They will be different from gardeners and builders. The services that architects offer may not be what you have in mind so it is key to do some homework.Only hire that people that you need. Bringing in the right landscape architect will help you work out what other professionals you will need to develop the property. Otherwise you may spend money on someone who has no use at all.Interview the architects. Ask key questions and find out what projects each has worked on in the recent past. Once you are satisfied, invite the architect round for an initial discussion, they will be able to give you an estimate. Make sure the role of your newly hired landscape architect is clear. Do not expect things from them that they simply cannot do.

How to Become a Property Developer

Property development is a flourishing business and a good way of turning derelict houses into something more productive and meaningful. There are a few simple steps to follow that will have you generating a profit in no time.Step OneIt is important to spend a lot of time research the real estate market and every thing that goes with it. To develop a property it is important to understand and know all areas of financing, marketing and investment.Step TwoLook for properties. Be sensible and make sure they are in good locations and are a good target to make money. An initial investment will have to be made so make sure the work is not massive.Step ThreeCarry out a financial analysis and be conservative. Make sure there is a slight cushion to the budget that can be used if necessary but do not over spend on any occasion. Step FourThe next step will be to build a team. A lot of the work can be carried out personally but plumbers, electricians and accountants will be needed to make sure that a project stays on track. Make sure there is a regular line to the bank in the case of an emergency. Step FiveConsider a partnership with someone else interested in property development. This will share the responsibility and increase the ideas and investment. This will help to ease the financial burden and should decrease the pressure.

What Makes a Gazebo Special?

Form and function should always go together; at times though, one gets compromised by the other. There are, however, some structures that are as pleasing to the senses as they are functional, and one of those structures is a gazebo.

Choosing a market for home renovation

You’ve found yourself a property that you believe you can renovate and sell for a decent, or a hefty profit. You then need to think about what a potential purchaser who will be interested in purchasing the property will be looking for.  You should then have some idea of what renovations you should invest in. A property location that’s close to businesses, entertainment, and shopping streets would be attractive to a person living alone or an older couple without children. On the other hand, a house or flat located near parks and schools would be more suited to families. While the properties in the first location might need an emphasis on a stylish bathroom and a modern looking kitchen, the property in the second location would be more attractive to families requiring more bedrooms, a bigger kitchen, and a bigger dining area to accommodate the larger occupancy.In addition, talking to estate agents can give you a lot of information regarding who is interested in which locations. This includes the age of prospective buyers, economic status, and sometimes race, religion, or country of origin. Based on the research that you conduct, you’ll be able to focus on the home improvements that are appropriate for your target market. Visit a possible neighbourhood with an eye toward the residents this time, instead of just looking at the buildings. Do they seem to spend most of their time at home, or is it a commuter community in which the residents travel elsewhere to work and only use their houses at night and weekends? The more you know about the potential buyers the easier it will be to decide on the most effective enhancements you can make to the property to improve your chance of a quick sale.

How Underfloor Heating Works

Today’s market offers homeowners wishing to install an underfloor heating system two options: they can choose from an electrical system or a hot water system. The electrical system utilises electrical energy to produce heat. The system - a network of wires installed under the floor of the house - produces heat in the same manner as any heat producing electrical appliance. If you are considering installing an electrical heating system and have little or no experience with electrical installation work, you will have to hire a professional, as incorrect wiring can be extremely dangerous. In the UK only qualified professionals should now undertake such work.  After the work is completed you will be given a certificate by the electrical contractor that you will need to produce if you decide to sell your house at some time in the future.  The alternative choice, the hot-water system provides the same function, using a different approach.  You can install this yourself as it is mainly plumbing work.An underfloor heating system that utilises hot water rather than electricity to heat a building requires a network of pipes to be laid under the finished floor surface. Heated water is pumped through these pipes and circulated throughout the entire underfloor heating system, thus producing heat to warm the space.Potential buyers of hot-water heating systems should contemplate the range of options available to them prior to purchasing their system. Cost and efficiency are, of course, key issues to consider before the purchase and installation of such a system.A range of pipes is available for these hot-water systems. Different pipes have different qualities and different costs. The higher quality pipes may dramatically increase the initial cost of installing an underfloor heating system.

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